How to install your own Ubuntu 20.04 Linux server | Part 3 of 10

linux hetzner cloud virtual server tutorial

In Part 3 of the tutorial we'll update and upgrade the Ubuntu installation, install apache2 and php.

It's recommended that you have read the previous steps of this course. You'll find the overview at the end of this blogpost.

Course ingredients:

4. Update and upgrade Ubuntu installation and install apache2

Update and Upgrade Ubuntu

Setting up the Hetzner Cloud Server installs an initial version of Ubuntu 20.04. First you want to update the system by downloading the package lists from the repositories.

Log into your terminal and type:

sudo apt update

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After updating you want to upgrade your installation by fetching known new versions of packages via apt. APT is short for Advanced Packaging Tool. It handles the installation of software on Ubuntu and other Linux distributions.

sudo apt upgrade

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Answer Yes when prompted. Alternatively you can run sudo apt upgrade -y which will answer automatically.

Install Apache Web Server

Apache is an open source web server which enables your Ubuntu installation to serve content like a website on the internet via http.

sudo apt install apache2

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Then call your server from the browser. Fill in your server IP. You’ll see the start page of apache server.

http://123.456.789.012

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5. Install PHP

PHP is a scripting language for web development. Run on a web server it generates a response to http requests. Many Content Management Systems and Frameworks are using PHP. Besides the web server context PHP can also be used for many other programming tasks.

Install PHP:

sudo apt install php7.4-cli

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Answer Yes when prompted.

Check your PHP version:

php -v

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The Course Syllable:

22.05.2021 – Part 1

  1. Introduction & reasoning

29.05.2021 – Part 2

  1. Create Hetzner Cloud Server
  2. Connect to Server

05.06.2021 – Part 3

  1. Update and upgrade Ubuntu installation and install apache2
  2. Install PHP

12.06.2021 – Part 4

  1. Establish ssh keys
  2. Add new sudo user
  3. Deactivate root user
  4. Make new sudo user owner of ssh service

19.06.2021 – Part 5

  1. Buy Domain and point it to Hetzner Server
  2. Create Virtual Host for domain

26.06.2021 – Part 6

  1. Get free Let's Encrypt SSL certificates
  2. Request certificate, active https and force SSL

03.07.2021 – Part 7

  1. Install Git on Remote Server
  2. Create CI/CD user and ssh keys for Gitlab on Remote Server

10.07.2021 – Part 8

  1. Create Gitlab Repository
  2. Establish ssh keys and configure CI/CD

17.07.2021 – Part 9

  1. Install MySQL
  2. Install phpMyAdmin

24.07.2021 – Part 10

  1. Summary of project development workflow
  2. I'll be back – The course update log

See you next week for more

Johnnie

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